Government has enacted the Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2016 which came into force w.e.f. 1.9. 2016. The Amendment Act completely prohibits the employment of children below 14 years.
Is child labour illegal in India?
The Constitution of India in the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy prohibits child labour below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or castle or engaged in any other hazardous employment (Article 24).
What is the punishment for child labour in India?
What is the punishment for employing children in violation of the law? Any person who employs a child below 14 or a child between 14 and 18 in a hazardous occupation or process can be punished with jail time of between six months and two years and/or fine between Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 50,000.
Is child labour illegal?
The most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). … FLSA restricts the hours that youth under 16 years of age can work and lists hazardous occupations too dangerous for young workers to perform.
In which country child labour is legal?
With 85 percent of the child labour occurring in rural areas, and 15 percent occurring in urban areas, there are still substantial areas of concern in the country of India. India has legislation since 1986 which allows work by children in non-hazardous industry.
Can a child work at age 14?
Children under the age of 14 years cannot be employed or permitted to work in any occupation or process. However, this restriction will not apply if a child helps his/her family or family enterprise (which is not a hazardous occupation), after his/her school hours or during vacation.
Can 17 year olds work in India?
In accordance with the Constitution of India, no child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment. The minimum age for employment is 14 years. Employment of child under 14 years of age is strictly prohibited in any establishment.
What is the Article 24?
India. Article 24 includes a prohibition against the employment of children under the age of 14 in factories, mines and other dangerous work.
Can a child work for their parents?
The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) provides for certain exemptions. Minors under age 16 working in a business solely owned or operated by their parents or by persons standing in place of their parents, can work any time of day and for any number of hours.
Why is child labour an Offence?
Employing child as a labour is a crime without exception. Forcing children to join labour during their childhood is plain exploitation and harassment of the child. In most of the cases, children are made to work for 10-15 hours a day and given very small wage that is not enough for their survival.
When did child labour become illegal?
In 1833 the Government passed a Factory Act to improve conditions for children working in factories. Young children were working very long hours in workplaces where conditions were often terrible. The basic act was as follows: no child workers under nine years of age.
What are the rights of child labour?
Precisely from a rights-based perspective, labour performed by children affects a number of their rights, most notably the right to health and protection from abuse and exploitation when the form of labour is mentally or physically dangerous to a child, and the right to education when the work prevents them from …
What are the rules for child labor?
Federal law states that 14-15 year olds cannot work over 8 hours a day, with no more than 3 hours on a school day, and over 40 hours a week, with no more than 18 hours per week while in school. Minors are also not allowed to work before 7am or after 7pm respectively.
Which state in India has the highest child labour?
Uttar Pradesh has the highest amount of child laborers, with over 20% of India’s child workers being residents in that state alone. (Save the Children, 2016) Most of these child laborers are employed in the silk industry that is prevalent in the region.
Does Nike use child labour?
The Code of Conduct lays out the required minimum standards we expect each supplier factory or facility to meet in producing NIKE products and includes strict requirements around forced and child labor, excessive overtime, compensation, and freedom of association amongst other requirements.
Does Amazon use child labor?
1. Young Labor. Amazon does not tolerate the use of child labor. Suppliers are required to engage workers who are: (i) 15 years old, (ii) the age of completion of compulsory education, or (iii) the minimum age to work in the country where work is performed, whichever is greater.