“The Indian Ocean is poorly explored scientifically when compared to other oceans. According to available literature, over 24,000 marine species (plants and animals) are recorded from the region.
How many species of animals live in the Indian Ocean?
over 2,200 species – approximately 75% of world’s coral reef fish species), the turtles (5 species), the sea cucumbers (140 species), the shelled marine molluscs (over 3 200 species, e.g. bivalve, oysters, clams and mussels), the corals (ca. 300 species), the mangroves (9 species), and the seagrasses (12 species).
What creatures are there in Indian Ocean?
The Indian Ocean is home to several unique types of animals, including sea turtles, sharks, sea snakes, dugongs, and whales. Although the ocean itself has less marine life than other oceans because of its low plankton levels, you will find a rich array of marine life in specific areas and islands.
How many species of fish are there in the Indian Ocean?
The WIO fish fauna is one of the richest marine fish faunas in the world, with some 3,200 species or about 20 per cent of the world marine fish fauna.
How many species lives in the ocean?
Scientists estimate that about one million species of animals live in the ocean.
Does the Indian Ocean have sharks?
So, are there sharks in the Indian Ocean? In short – yes. Sharks prey on other marine life such as eels, rays, seals, fish, crustaceans, and so on.
How big is the Indian Ocean?
While enormous blue whales feed in the waters around Antarctica, smaller pygmy blue whale populations are known to inhabit the Indian Ocean, the third-largest ocean in the world.
Which is the largest water animal?
The Antarctic blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus ssp. Intermedia) is the biggest animal on the planet, weighing up to 400,000 pounds (approximately 33 elephants) and reaching up to 98 feet in length.
What is milkfish called in India?
Milkfish called as Bangus occurs in the Indian Ocean and an important seafood in Southeast Asia. Milkfish is an important food fish in India, Philippines and Indonesia.
Is Surmai a king fish?
This popular sea fish is considered as quite a delicacy and excellent table fare in most parts of India. In menu cards, it goes by the name of King Fish. … Packed with Omega-3 fatty acids, Surmai is one of the healthiest fishes available.
What is the smallest ocean?
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world’s five ocean basins. A polar bear walks on the frozen surface of the Arctic Ocean. The freezing environment provides a home for a diverse range of creatures. With an area of about 6.1 million square miles , the Arctic Ocean is about 1.5 times as big as the United States.
Why is the ocean blue?
The ocean is blue because water absorbs colors in the red part of the light spectrum. Like a filter, this leaves behind colors in the blue part of the light spectrum for us to see. The ocean may also take on green, red, or other hues as light bounces off of floating sediments and particles in the water.
What are 5 interesting facts about the ocean?
These 10 unbelievable ocean facts illustrate just how important these initiatives are.
- Our oceans cover more than 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface. …
- The majority of life on Earth is aquatic. …
- Less than five per cent of the planet’s oceans have been explored. …
- The world’s longest mountain chain is underwater.
Why is the ocean salty?
Ocean salt primarily comes from rocks on land and openings in the seafloor. … Rocks on land are the major source of salts dissolved in seawater. Rainwater that falls on land is slightly acidic, so it erodes rocks. This releases ions that are carried away to streams and rivers that eventually feed into the ocean.