Best answer: What are the main characteristics of rainfall in India?

What are the characteristics of rainfall?

Three main characteristics of rainfall are its amount, frequency and intensity, the values of which vary from place to place, day to day, month to month and also year to year. Precise knowledge of these three main characteristics is essential for planning its full utilization.

What are the 4 rainfall characteristics?

The characteristics of rainfall are the amount, the intensity, the duration, the frequency or return period, and the seasonal distribution.

What are the main characteristics of monsoon rainfall in India?

Characteristics of Monsoon in India

Monsoon has a tendency and phenomenon to have ‘breaks’ in rainfall. Thus monsoon has dry and wet spells. Rainless intervals intersperse the Monsoon. The alternation of wet and dry spells vary in duration, frequency, and intensity.

What are the characteristic features of monsoon in India?

Characteristics Monsoon – India They are not steady winds but are pulsating innature . They vary from year to year. They have tendency to have breas in rainfall . It has wet and dry spells. …

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What are the characteristics of Indian climate?

The climatic conditions in India have the following salient features:

  • The Reversal of Winds: The climate of India is characterised by the complete reversal of the wind system with the change of seasons. …
  • 2. Development of High and Low Pressure Areas: …
  • Seasonal and Variable Rainfall: …
  • Multiple Seasons: …
  • Natural Calamities:

What is the main source of rainfall?

Clouds are made of water droplets. Within a cloud, water droplets condense onto one another, causing the droplets to grow. When these water droplets get too heavy to stay suspended in the cloud, they fall to Earth as rain.

What are the main characteristics of rainfall in dry land agriculture?

Areas with less than 1,150 mm (arid and semi-arid ) are the problem areas for crop production. Main characteristics of rainfall influencing crop production are its variability, intensity and prolonged dry spells during the crop period. Alluvial soils occupy the largest area in dryland agriculture.

What are the characteristics of convectional rainfall?

Convectional Rainfall – Major Characteristics

As the air rises, it expands and drops the temperature and subsequently, condensation takes place and cumulus clouds are formed. Heavy rainfall with lightning and thunder takes place which does not last long. Such rain is usually in the summer or the hotter part of the day.

What is importance of rainfall?

Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation.

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What are the main characteristics of monsoon?

Characteristics of monsoon

  • Monsoon is the seasonal reversal of wind especially seen in the tropical regions of Earth.
  • Monsoons are the heavy rains during the rainy season, usually from June to September. …
  • There are large scale sea or ocean breezes during the monsoons.
  • The monsoons usually arrive after the summer season.

What are the characteristics of SW monsoon rainfall?

Chief Characteristics of South West Monsoon Rainfall

Monsoonal rainfall is largely governed by relief and is orographic in its mode. The amount of rainfall decreases with increasing distance from the sea. The rainless interval during south west monsoon season is known as ‘breaks’.

What is the main characteristics of monsoon winds?

A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions.

What are the three dominant characteristics of the monsoon in India?

The Indian monsoon is characterized by the following three dominant factors : (i) Seasonal reversal of direction in wind system. The monsoon winds blow from land to sea in winter and from sea to land in summer. (ii) Seasonal heavy rainfall and drought are common features of the Indian monsoon.