When did the Government of India Act 1935 come into force?

What did the Government of India Act 1935 established?

The act provided for the establishment of Reserve Bank of India. The Act also provided for the establishment of federal, provincial and joint Public Service Commissions. The Act was a milestone in the development of a responsible constitutional government in India.

Why was the Government of India Act 1935 passed?

Government of India Act, 1935 was a major step towards the Independence of India and helped in the reorganization of the states. Britishers have introduced this Act because through this Act they can win the support of modern nationalist and they could rule over the dominion of India.

Who wrote Govt of India Act 1935?

The Government of India Act was passed by the British parliament in 1935 and came into effect in 1937. It was based on a report by a Joint Select Committee, led by Lord Linlithgow, set up the two houses of the British parliament.

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What were the main points of the Government of India Act 1935?

Salient Features of the Government of India Act 1935 were as follows: Abolition of provincial dyarchy and introduction of dyarchy at centre. Abolition of Indian Council and introduction of an advisory body in its place. Provision for an All India Federation with British India territories and princely states.

What was Government of India Act 1935 4 marks?

The Act proclaimed a bicameral legislature. The one house of the Assembly was called the Indian Legislature Assembly and the other house of the Assembly was The Council of State. The Council of State was the upper house that was a permanent body i.e that it could not be dissolved like the lower house of the Parliament.

When was the August offer announced?

The August Offer was an offer made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940 promising the expansion of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to include more Indians, the establishment of an advisory war council, giving full weight to minority opinion, and the recognition of Indians’ right to frame their own constitution.

Who is known as the father of dyarchy?

Sir Lionel Curtis is known as the father of the Dyarchy. Dyarchy was a system of double government introduced by the Government of India Act (1919) for the provinces of British India.

What was the difference between the independent Indian Constitution and Act of 1935?

It originally received Royal assent in August 1935. … Because of its length, the Act was retroactively split by the Government of India Act, 1935 into two separate Acts: The Government of India Act, 1935 , having 321 sections and 10 schedules. The Government of Burma Act, 1935 having 159 sections and 6 schedules.

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What was the most important feature of the Government of India Act of 1935 introduced by the British?

-Important feature of the Government of India Act 1935 was the bicameral legislature. Under this, the two houses were the federal assembly which was the lower house and the council of states which was the upper house. Assembly had the term of five years and both the houses had representatives from the princely states.

How did Government of India Act 1935 mark a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India?

They could legislate on subjects in provincial and concurrent lists. The governor could refuse assent to a bill, promulgate ordinances and enact governor’s Acts. Beside these changes, a federal court was established at the centre and the Reserve Bank of India was established.

What was the impact of the Government of India Act 1935 on Bengal?

Under the Government of India Act (1935), Bengal was constituted an autonomous province in 1937. That remained the situation until the Indian subcontinent was partitioned into the two dominions of Pakistan and India after the British withdrawal in 1947.