The opponents of Indian Removal included Chief John Ross of the Cherokee, whose homeland was surrounded by the states of Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina, Jeremiah Evarts, of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, and Peleg Sprague, Senator from Maine.
Who was opposed to the Indian Removal Act?
The Cherokee Nation, led by Principal Chief John Ross, resisted the Indian Removal Act, even in the face of assaults on its sovereign rights by the state of Georgia and violence against Cherokee people.
Why was there opposition to the Indian Removal Act?
One of the main opposers of the forced relocation was the Cherokee Nation. They were persistent in their claim that they were independent from any federal or state government, using the Treaty of Hopewell as their main point. This treaty established borders between the United States and the Cherokee Nation.
What was the debate over Indian Removal?
The proponents argued in support of the right of states to override treaty law, because the Indians were an inferior race. The principles of white supremacy and colonial rights of discovery and conquest won the day.
How did the Native American react to the Indian Removal Act?
A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, the Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the United States government. Approximately 4,000 Cherokees died on this forced march, which became known as the “Trail of Tears.”
Who opposed the Trail of Tears?
Opposition to the removal was led by Chief John Ross, a mixed-blood of Scottish and one-eighth Cherokee descent.
How did the two tribes attempt to resist the Indian Removal Act?
Some Indian nations simply refused to leave their land — the Creeks and the Seminoles even waged war to protect their territory. The First Seminole War lasted from 1817 to 1818. The Seminoles were aided by fugitive slaves who had found protection among them and had been living with them for years.
Was the Indian Removal Act justified or unfair?
No, the Indian Removal act isn’t justified because there was no law stating that the White Americans can move the Native Americans further west. The White Americans went against the Constitution.
What were the effects of the Indian Removal Act?
Following removal, millions of acres of land became available to settlement. The southeast United States experienced an increase in population and the expansion of slavery. This resulted in an increase in cotton production and economic growth in the south.
What were some of the effects of the Indian Removal Act?
It freed more than 25 million acres of fertile, lucrative farmland to mostly white settlement in Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, and Arkansas.
How did the Indian Removal Act end?
The Cherokee worked together to stop this relocation, but were unsuccessful; they were eventually forcibly removed by the United States government in a march to the west that later became known as the Trail of Tears, which has been described as an act of genocide, because many died during the removals.
What are some possible effects that the Indian Removal Act might have on Native Americans already living in the West?
What are some possible effects that the Indian Removal Act might have on Native Americans already living in the West? The Indians may fight for their land and their would be war. What was the Trail of Tears? The Cherokee’s 800-mile forced march to Indian Territory from Georgia.
How did the Indian Removal Act affect Native American culture?
Losing Indian lands resulted in a loss of cultural identity, as tribes relied on their homelands as the place of ancestral burial locations and sacred sites where religious ceremonies were performed. Without their lands, nations lost their identities, and their purpose.
What Indians were affected by the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
He encouraged Congress to accept and pass the Removal Act, which gave the President allowance to grant land to the Indian Tribes that agreed to give up their homelands, the biggest tribes affected were the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole.