Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The Indian Ocean is bounded by Iran, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh to the north; the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands of Indonesia, and Australia to the east; the Southern Ocean to the south; and Africa and the Arabian Peninsula to the west.
Where is Indian Ocean located what is it surrounded by?
The Indian Ocean is the ocean surrounded by Asia to the north, Australia and the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Southern Ocean to the south, and Africa and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. It is named for the river Indus and Ancient India on its north shore.
What is special about the Indian Ocean?
The Indian Ocean is the third deepest ocean in the world. The total coastline of the Indian Ocean is 41,337 miles. The Indian Ocean has the third most coastline out of the five major oceans. The range of temperature for the Indian Ocean is between 66 and 82 °F.
What are 3 facts about the Indian Ocean?
Find out some interesting facts about the Indian Ocean.
- Covers 20% of the Earth Surface. …
- Several Continents by its sides/ Unique Location. …
- The Highest Point is at the Sea Level Itself. …
- Limited Marine Life. …
- Has Unique Chemical and Physical Properties. …
- Has Several Tectonic Plate Boundaries. …
- Has Lowest Oxygen Content.
Why is Indian Ocean called Indian Ocean?
The Indian Ocean is named after India because of its strategic location at the head of the ocean from ancient times and its long coastline which is longer than any other country in the Indian Ocean rim.
Is India near the Indian Ocean?
The Indian Ocean is bounded by Iran, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh to the north; the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands of Indonesia, and Australia to the east; the Southern Ocean to the south; and Africa and the Arabian Peninsula to the west.
What ocean surrounds Antarctica?
Antarctic Polar Front
The Southern Ocean encircles Antarctica, and its area is usually defined as extending from the edge of the continent (and its ice shelves) to the position of the ‘polar front’ separating it from the surrounding Pacific, Indian and South Atlantic Oceans.
Why is the Indian Ocean so blue?
The reason the ocean is blue is due to the absorption and scattering of light. The blue wavelengths of light are scattered, similar to the scattering of blue light in the sky but absorption is a much larger factor than scattering for the clear ocean water.
Who owns the Indian Ocean?
Australia, Indonesia, and India are the three countries with the longest shorelines and exclusive economic zones. The continental shelf makes up 15% of the Indian Ocean.
Is the Indian Ocean scary?
IT’S a terrible place. And when winter comes – like it has now – the southern Indian Ocean has been described as the worst place in the world. Unstable weather, dangerous conditions, high waves and wild seas all make for a terrifying scene, even for large ships.
What is the hottest ocean?
The hottest ocean area is in the Persian Gulf, where water temperatures at the surface exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. Another hot area exists in the Red Sea, where a temperature of 132.8 degrees Fahrenheit has been recorded at a depth of about 6,500 feet.
What is the deepest part of the Indian Ocean?
The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep and is located beneath the western Pacific Ocean in the southern end of the Mariana Trench, which runs several hundred kilometers southwest of the U.S. territorial island of Guam. Challenger Deep is approximately 36,200 feet deep.
Why is India called subcontinent?
India is a subcontinent located in South of Asian continent. It is considered a subcontinent because it covers an expansive area of land that includes the Himalayan region in the north, the Gangetic Plain as well as the plateau region in the south.
Which country controls Indian Ocean?
However, the Indian Navy claims the entire Indian Ocean as its area of responsibility and prides itself on being the first to respond to natural and humanitarian disasters there. While France and India are the key regional players on security, the UK also plays an important role.
What is Indian Ocean called in Pakistan?
The Arabian Sea (Arabic: بحر العرب, romanized: Bahr al-Arab) is a region of the northern Indian Ocean bounded on the north by Pakistan, Iran, and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by the Gulf of Aden, Guardafui Channel and the Arabian Peninsula, on the southeast by the Laccadive Sea, on the southwest by Somalia, and on the …