What are the features of a Hindu temple?
Hindu temples typically consist of a prayer hall called a “mandapa” and a sanctuary, inner sanctum, or central shrine called a “garbhargriha”. The sanctuary contains an icon of the Hindu deity the temple is dedicated to and is off limits to everyone but priests at the temple.
What are the features of a temple?
Temples typically have a main building and a larger precinct, which may contain many other buildings, or may be a dome shaped structure, much like an igloo. The word comes from Ancient Rome, where a templum constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur.
What is the top of a Hindu temple called?
A Hindu temple has a Shikhara (Vimana or Spire) that rises symmetrically above the central core of the temple. These spires come in many designs and shapes, but they all have mathematical precision and geometric symbolism.
What are 3 basic components of the Hindu temple What does the temple symbolize and how does one worship there?
It depicts Shiva with three heads representing its 3 status of creator, preserver and destroyer. Most importantly, this site is completely carved out of the living rock. It is not built. What is the name of the period that follows directly after that of the Indus Valley civilization?
What are 3 basic components of the Hindu architecture?
Further, the foundations for all the major components of a Hindu temple – garbhagriha (sanctum), pradakshinapatha (circumambulation passage), antarala (antechamber next to sanctum) and mandapa (gathering hall) – were found.
What are the three styles of temple architecture?
Three main style of temple architecture are the Nagara or the Northern style, the Dravida or the Southern style and the Vesara or Mixed style.
What is the most important part of the temple?
The most important part of the temple was a room known as the garbhagriha, where the image of the chief deity was placed. In this room, the priests performed religious rituals and devotees offered worship to the deity.
Which is the top most part of a temple?
Kalasha: It is topmost point of the temple above Amalaka.
What is a temple body part?
The temple is a latch where four skull bones fuse: the frontal, parietal, temporal, and sphenoid. It is located on the side of the head behind the eye between the forehead and the ear. The temporal muscle covers this area and is used during mastication.
What are the major styles of temples?
The two major styles of temple architecture in the country are known as Nagara in the north and Dravidian in the south. The third style, Vesara Style, is fusion of Nagara and Dravidian style of architecture.
What Moksha means?
moksha, also spelled mokṣa, also called mukti, in Indian philosophy and religion, liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth (samsara). Derived from the Sanskrit word muc (“to free”), the term moksha literally means freedom from samsara.
What does mandir mean in English?
/ (ˈmʌndɪə) / noun. a Hindu or Jain temple.
What are Hindu temples made out of?
First they were built with brick and built according to Vedic traditions. Hindu temples are in different styles , located in many locations and are constructed differently with different deities and regional beliefs. But all have same symbolism. South Indian temples are different from North Indian temples.
What is the form of a Hindu temple?
Hindu temples are of different shapes and sizes — rectangular, octagonal, semicircular — with different types of domes and gates. Temples in southern India have a different style than those in northern India.
What were the main features of Hindu architecture?
Essential elements of Hindu architecture are precise and harmonious geometry when viewed from all four sides and above, the square form and grid ground plans, soaring towers, and elaborate decorate sculpture which includes gods, worshippers, erotic scenes, animals, and floral and geometric patterns.