The Indian National Congress, on 19 December 1929, passed the historic ‘Purna Swaraj’ – (total independence) resolution – at its Lahore session. A public declaration was made on 26 January 1930 – a day which the Congress Party urged Indians to celebrate as ‘Independence Day’.
When was the Declaration of Independence signed of India?
The 15th August 1947 has since become celebrated as India’ and Pakistan’s Independence Day.
Who signed the Indian Independence Act?
Lord Mountbatten of Burma, the last Viceroy, was asked by the Indian leaders to continue as the Governor-General of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became the Prime Minister of India and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the Home Minister. Over 560 princely states acceded to India by 15 August.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence of India?
While the Poorna Swaraj Resolution was drafted by Jawaharlal Lal Nehru, the “Declaration of Independence” pledge was drafted by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930 and it echoed the essence of American Declaration of Independence. After this pledge January 26, 1930 was declared as Independence Day by Indian National Congress.
Does India have a Declaration of Independence?
The Purna Swaraj declaration (Hindi: पूर्ण, Purna, meaning “complete”, Hindi: स्व, Swa, meaning “self” and Hindi: राज, raj, meaning “rule”), or Declaration of the Independence of India, was promulgated by the Indian National Congress on 26 January 1930, resolving the Congress and Indian nationalists to fight for Purna …
Where was the 1931 season of Indian National Congress held?
The correct answer is Karachi. The session of the Indian National Congress was held at Karachi in 1931. The Karachi session was presided by Sardar Patel.
Who was the first President of India?
The Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly of India, established by the members of the provincial assemblies elected by the people of India. Dr Sachidanand Sinha was the first president of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected its president.
How many countries got Independence in 1947?
On August 15, 1947, the British colonizers finally left India but divided the nation into two independent states- India and Pakistan. However, in addition to India, there are five other nations that celebrate their Independence on August 15 as well.
Is India still under Britain?
The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
Who is the first governor general of independent India?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|Formation||20 October 1773|
|First holder||Warren Hastings|
|Final holder||Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947; as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950; as Governor-general of Dominion of India)|
|Abolished||26 January 1950|
Which state became the part of India in 1975?
Sikkim became the 22nd State of India Vide Constitution(36th Amendment) Act 1975.
Which Indian city is known as City of Prime Minister?
Allahabad is known as the City of Prime Ministers because seven out of 15 prime ministers of India since independence have connections to Allahabad (Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Gulzarilal Nanda, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar).
Why did the British give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
How old is India?
India: 2500 BC. Vietnam: 4000 Years Old.
When was the Gandhi Irwin Pact signed?
Gandhi-Irwin Pact, agreement signed on March 5, 1931, between Mohandas K. Gandhi, leader of the Indian nationalist movement, and Lord Irwin (later Lord Halifax), British viceroy (1926–31) of India.